This period includes the first two dynasties with which started the written history of Egypt: first and second dynasties. This period started with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by king Narmer. Thinis (currently El Araba, near Abydos in the district of Baliena in Suhag) was the first capital of the unified country in addition to Memphis, Inib hidge (White Wall) established by Narmer/Mena who is considered to be the king who unified the lands of Egypt and the one who established the first dynasty. Of his artifacts are a group of royal stamps and the famous Narmer pallet. A group of kings followed Narmer and they protected the newly unified kingdom such as Djer, Djet, Den in addition to queen MeritNiet who ruled Egypt alone. The kings of the first two dynasties left important tombs in Saqqara and Abydos.