This was the last strong dynasty in the Old Kingdom. Its kings built their pyramids in Saqqara and ruled for about 160 years. Most famous among them was Teti the founder of the dynasty who married queen Ibut, the daughter of king Unas, the last king of the Fifth Dynasty. It is believed that Teti was murdered by one of his guards.
King Pepi the first was among the prominent kings of this dynasty. He sent out a few mining campaigns and expansion in the Sinai. He expanded his trade outside Egypt reaching Ebla to the south of Idlib in the Levant area. His rule is the longest in Egypt and the world as he ascended the throne from the age of 11 until he was 94 years old.
During his long reign the Old Kingdom started to collapse with the weakening of the central government and the increase of the power of the local provinces rulers who took on titles similar to those of the kings. They built a group of magnificent tombs that recorded in their scenes and texts the conditions of that period, which showed clearly how much power the owners had in contrast to the weakness of the kings.